HCFC substance use reviewed

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Mongolia is a part of the Montreal protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer and is committed to gradually reducing the use of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) and eventually phasing them out. Currently, Mongolia is implementing Phase II of the “Hydro chlorofluorocarbon-type Refrigerant Phasing Management Program (HPMP)” under the agreement with the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol, which aims to ensure the implementation of the Montreal Protocol, according to the Ministry of Environment and Tourism.

Within the framework of the HPMP program, the use of HCFC substances is targeted to be phased out by 2030. Within the scope of the HPMP II phase, it is aimed to completely stop the import of HCFC substances and phase them out by January 1, 2030, which is the baseline level of 1.4 ozone-depleting capacity (ODP).

The government of Mongolia reviews the consumption of HCFC substances (in the case of Mongolia, the amount of imports is considered as the total consumption of the country), which is reported to the Multilateral Fund and the Ozone Secretariat every year. In 2016, an international expert of UNEP conducted two audits of Mongolia’s substance use from 2013 to 2019. By Mongolia’s obligations under the HPMP II phase of UNEP, the review of national HCFC consumption was approved by the 88th meeting of the Multilateral Fund’s Executive Committee in 2021.

On September 22, 2023, through the National Ozone Authority (NOA) in the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, the international experts of UNEP prepared the 2020-2022 HCFC consumption report based on the results of the implementation of the II phase of the HPMP program and presented the results to national stakeholders.

Based on the results of the review, only HCFC-22 ozone-depleting substance (ODS) is imported as a pure substance for Mongolia. No illegal domestic trade in HCFC-22 substances was detected during the period covered by this examination. During the period covered by the review of HCFCs, the source of imports was China, a party to the Montreal Protocol as well. Mongolia’s total certified consumption of HCFC-22 is lower than the maximum allowable amount stipulated in the HPMP Phase II agreement.

The review report on the use of HCFC substances in Mongolia will be prepared and submitted to the 93rd meeting of the Multilateral Fund Executive Committee in 2023 for discussion, as stated by the National Ozone Authority.

Dashmaa D